Initially developed by Android Inc., which Google bought in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007, along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance – a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. Beginning with the first commercial Android device in September 2008, the operating system has gone through multiple major releases... The first commercially available smartphone running Android was the HTC Dream, also known as T-Mobile G1, announced on September 23, 2008.
want more open/private? see GuardianProject
Versions (and mkt shares as of May'2013) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Android_(operating_system)#Usage_share_of_Android_versions (current list without shares)