Commercial Bank

A bank which is not an Investment Bank. (Since the death of Glass Steagall it may be an obsolete distinction.)

It raises funds by collecting deposits from businesses and consumers via checkable deposits, savings deposits, and time (or term) deposits. It makes loans to businesses and consumers. It also buys corporate bonds and government bonds. Its primary liabilities are deposits and primary assets are loans and bonds.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commercial_bank

Commercial banking may also be seen as distinct from retail banking, which involves the provision of financial services direct to consumers. Many banks offer both commercial and retail banking services.

Retail Bank-ing refers to banking in which banking institutions execute transactions directly with consumers, rather than corporations or other banks. Services offered include: savings and checking accounts, mortgages, personal loans, debit cards, credit cards, and so forth. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retail_bank

a sub-type: Savings And Loan


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