aka 4GW - Fourth Generation Warfare
introduced (1989!) in article "Changing Face of War: Into the Fourth Generation" by William Lind, Keith Nightengale (USA), Captain John Schmitt (USMC), Colonel Joseph Sutton (USA), and Lieutenant Colonel G I Wilson
First Generation: Line And Column tactics, from Peace Of Westphalia through American Civil War. Culture of order, but order on the battlefield began to decay in the face of large armies and technological advancement.
Second Generation: French Army after World War I - deal with increasing disorder by trying to impose order. Aka firepower/attrition warfare. Inward focus, imposed discipline, synchronization. Still largely the American way of war.
Fourth Generation: loyalties have transferred from the State to Non-State Actor-s: Tribalism, Monotheism, gangs, etc. A "war" involves many multiple entities, using multiple means, for multiple goals.
the "canon" - 7 books covering military strategy
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