Max Weber

Maximilian Karl Emil Weber (/ˈveɪbər/;[12] German: [ˈveːbɐ]; 21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, historian, jurist, and political economist, who is regarded among the most important theorists on the development of modern Western society.[13] His ideas would profoundly influence social theory and social research.[14] Despite being recognized as one of the fathers of sociology along with Auguste Comte, Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim, Weber saw himself not as a sociologist but as a historian.[15][16] Unlike Émile Durkheim, Weber did not believe in monocausal (root cause) explanations, proposing instead that for any outcome there can be multiple causes.[17] He was a key proponent of methodological anti-positivism, arguing for the study of social action through interpretive (rather than purely empiricist) methods, based on understanding the purpose and meanings that individuals attach to their own actions. Weber's main intellectual concern was in understanding the processes of rationalisation, secularisation, and "disenchantment", which he took to be the result of a new way of thinking about the world,[18] associating such processes with the rise of capitalism and modernity.[19]

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