the introduction of contaminants into an environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the EcoSystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms
see related Ecology
Kevin Carson on whether this represents Market Failure or Government Failure. So we have not had a free marketplace, where civil protections against pollution and other tortious activity never arose because the transaction costs were too high. What we have actually had is a state capitalist marketplace, where the state artificially raised the transaction costs of enforcing civil protections against pollution — and thereby reduced the transaction costs of pollution.
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