Process of analyzing a security (aka a company's stock) to determine whether it's price reflects its worth.
- Benjamin Graham: The Intelligent Investor; Graham & Dodd's Security Analysis
- Thornton Oglove: Quality of Earnings (was a newletter then (1987) a book (ISBN:1741857023), specializing in catching ways a company's financials can be manipulated to overstate profits.
- paper: in any given period, about 20% of firms manage earnings to misrepresent economic performance, and for such firms 10% of EPS is typically managed;
- James Grant: Interest Rate Observer newsletter, Minding Mr. Market book