Stigmergic systems solve global problems by using indirect communication mediated by an environment. Because they are localized and dynamic, stigmergic systems are Self Organizing, robust and adaptive. http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/537730.html
The study of ant colonies' behavior (Hive Mind) and of their Self Organizing capabilities is of interest to knowledge retrieval/management (Knowledge Management) and decision support systems sciences, because it provides models of distributed adaptive organization which are useful to solve difficult optimization, classification, and distributed control problems, among others. (Complex Adaptive Systems) http://jamesthornton.com/cf/paper?paper_id=37
See Peter Small
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