Vaccine Mandate

Process of requiring a vaccination. Whether by government or private entities (employers, restaurants). A discussion in 2021 for COVID-19, settled rules (at least for attending public school) with polio, measles, etc. Documented via Vaccine Passport?

an 1853 law required universal vaccination against smallpox in England and Wales, with fines levied on people who did not comply.[19] In the United States, the Supreme Court ruled in Jacobson v. Massachusetts (1905) that states have the authority to require vaccination against smallpox during a smallpox epidemic.[20] All fifty U.S states require that children be vaccinated to attend public school,[21] although 47 states provide exemptions based on religious or philosophical beliefs.[22] Forced vaccination (as opposed to fines or refusal of services) is rare and typically happens only as an emergency measure during an outbreak. A few other countries[which?] also follow this practice. Compulsory vaccination greatly reduces infection rates for the diseases the vaccines protect against.[19] These policies stirred resistance from a variety of groups, collectively called anti-vaccinationists, who objected on ethical, political, medical safety, religious, and other grounds.[23] Other reasons including that socioeconomic disparities and being an ethnic minority can prevent reasonable access to vaccinations.

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