People holding the Belief that Vaccinations cause Autism and various other problems.

In the MMR vaccine controversy, a fraudulent 1998 paper by Andrew Wakefield, originally published in The Lancet, presented supposed evidence that the MMR vaccine (an immunization against measles, mumps and rubella that is typically first administered to children shortly after their first birthday) was linked to the onset of autism spectrum disorders.[45] The article was widely criticized for lack of scientific rigour, partially retracted in 2004 by Wakefield's co-authors,[46] and was fully retracted by The Lancet in 2010.[47] Wakefield was struck off the UK's medical registry for the fraud.[48] This Lancet article has sparked a much greater anti-vaccination movement, primarily in the United States. Even though the article was fraudulent and was retracted, 1 in 4 parents still believe vaccines can cause autism.[49] Many parents do not vaccinate their children because they feel that diseases are no longer present due to all the vaccinations.[50]

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