*The Turing test is a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behaviour equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human. In the original illustrative example, a human judge engages in natural language conversations with a human and a machine designed to generate performance indistinguishable from that of a human being. All participants are separated from one another. If the judge cannot reliably tell the machine from the human, the machine is said to have passed the test. The test does not check the ability to give the correct answer to questions; it checks how closely the answer resembles typical human answers. The conversation is limited to a text-only channel such as a computer keyboard and screen so that the result is not dependent on the machine's ability to render words into audio.
The test was introduced by Alan Turing in his 1950 paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence," which opens with the words: "I propose to consider the question, 'Can machines think?'" Because "thinking" is difficult to define, Turing chooses to "replace the question by another, which is closely related to it and is expressed in relatively unambiguous words." Turing's new question is: "Are there imaginable digital computers which would do well in the imitation game?" This question, Turing believed, is one that can actually be answered. In the remainder of the paper, he argued against all the major objections to the proposition that "machines can think".* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turing_test
for dogs: http://existentialcomics.com/comic/15
- 2013 "winner" (meaning it did best of the apps, not that it passed the Turing Test): Mitsuku's botmaster, Steve Worswick, used to run a music website. Once he added a ChatBot he discovered more people visited to chat than for music so he concentrated all his efforts on the bot but he still regards it as a hobby. Like two of the other finalists, Izar an alien from the planet Sunaria, and Ron Lee's Tutor which acts as an English-language learning resource, Mitsuku uses AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) and is a Pandora Bot, based on the free open-source-based community webservice the enables anyone who wants to, to develop and publish chatbots on the web. According to its website, Pandora Bots is the largest chatbot community on the internet and its 166,000 registered bot masters have created more than 206,000 pandorabots in multiple languages. All pandorabots use AIML which was developed by Richard Wallace, whose chatbot ALICE (Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity) won the Loebener Prize in 2000, 2001 and 2004. He is now Chief Science Officer of Pandorabots, which he created as an AIML server and interpreter implemented in Common Lisp. He has also created the Call Mom app for Android, a mobile assistant app that incorporates multiple chatbot personality choices and a sophisticated learning feature.
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