Open Innovation is a term promoted by Henry Chesbrough, a professor and executive director at the Center for Open Innovation at Berkeley. The concept is related to (but distinct from) User Innovation, Cumulative Innovation and Distributed Innovation.
The central idea behind open innovation is that in a world of widely distributed knowledge, companies cannot afford to rely entirely on their own research, but should instead buy or license processes or inventions (i.e. Patent-s) from other companies. In addition, internal inventions not being used in a firm's business should be taken outside the company (e.g., through licensing, JointVentures, Spin Off-s).
- some R And D examples: Open Innovation
- Innocentive http://www.innocentive.com/ funded by PharmCo Eli Lilly
- Your Encore http://www.yourencore.com uses the Retirement crowd
- Nine Sigma http://www.ninesigma.net/
- Collaborative Drug Discovery http://www.collaborativedrug.com/
- Consumer Electronics - Crowd Spirit http://www.trendwatching.com/trends/crowdclout.htm http://www.crowdspirit.org/