Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. In more casual speech, by extension, "philosophy" can refer to "the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group". The word "philosophy" comes from the Ancient Greek φιλοσοφία (philosophia), which literally means "love of wisdom". The introduction of the terms "philosopher" and "philosophy" has been ascribed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy
Paul Graham thinks it went in the wrong direction. Instead of trying to answer the question: "What are the most general truths?" Let's try to answer the question: "Of all the useful things we can say, which are the most general?"... These seem to me what philosophy should look like: quite general observations that would cause someone who understood them to do (Actionable) something differently. This reminds me of 2012-09-01-SwartzOptimalBiasesToOvercome.
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